WAVE has four fundamental recommendations.
1. Teach children how to parent in a non-violent manner while still in school
Enable every child to leave school with fundamental training in how to 'attune' (or connect) with babies and to parent in a non-violent manner. An example of this type of programme is provided by Roots of Empathy.
2. Give all first-time parents supportive coaching, during pregnancy, on how to 'attune/connect' with babies
During a first pregnancy, give every mother- and father-to-be supportive coaching on how to 'attune' or connect with babies, how to ensure the child's successful emotional development and how to parent in a non-violent manner. An example of this type of support is offered by AVIGuk, the Association of Video Interaction Guidance UK.
3. Set up regular monitoring visits by specially trained Health Visitors for all babies in 'at risk' families
Carry out this monitoring as a matter of routine in 'at risk' families during the first three years of children’s lives, and in parallel with their parents receiving regular visits by specially trained Health Visitors who provide practical encouragement and support. An example of what could be provided can be seen via the Nurse Family Partnership.
4. Recognise and treat PTSD in violent individuals
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in violent individuals needs to be recognised, and steps taken to heal it in children and adults entering the legal and prison systems. Studies have found that the level of PTSD suffered by people in prison is significantly greater than in the population at large.